AFREZZA® (pronounced uh-FREZZ-uh) is a first-in-class, ultra rapid-acting mealtime insulin therapy being developed to improve glycemic control in adults with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is a drug-device combination product, consisting of AFREZZA Inhalation Powder single-use dose cartridges and the small, discreet and easy-to-use AFREZZA inhaler. Because of its unique pharmacokinetic profile, AFREZZA may be a promising new therapy for patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, as it has been shown in clinical studies to control post meal-time glucose levels, cause less weight gain and have lower risk of hypoglycemia than current standard insulin therapies.
MKC253 is a Technosphere formulation of GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide). In initial clinical studies, MKC253 showed a lack of the characteristic adverse events, like nausea and vomiting, that are frequently associated with long-acting GLP-1 analogs. Results from a phase 1 trial supported the hypothesis that inhalation of MKC253 may be able to simulate the incretin effect that is lost in patients with Type 2 diabetes.